Comprehensive Foot Surgery and Rehabilitation

The feet are capable of performing under immense pressure. Most types of sports rely on foot strength, endurance, and resilience, whether track, basketball, baseball, tennis, hockey, or other sports. A foot injury often results in severe pain, discomfort, and lack of stability and mobility. These painful injuries can affect sports professionals, weekend warriors, and people from all walks of life, from children to adults. When the foot structure is injured, it is imperative to undergo a professional evaluation. Early intervention by one of our specialists at New York Sports & Joints will reveal the extent of the injury and the most effective treatment.

Types of foot injuries

The foot, a complex structure with numerous bones, tendons, and ligaments, is susceptible to various injuries. Understanding these injuries is crucial in determining the need for surgical intervention.

  • Bunions: Deformities at the base of the big toe causing painful swelling and misalignment.
  • Hammer toes: Toe deformities where the toe bends abnormally at the middle joint.
  • Plantar fasciitis: Inflammation of the plantar fascia (a robust band of tissue stretching across the bottom of the foot). When inflamed, it can cause significant discomfort and pain in the heel and bottom of the foot.
  • Achilles tendonitis or ruptures: Inflammation or tears in the Achilles tendon, causing pain at the back of the foot.
  • Metatarsalgia: Pain and inflammation in the ball of the foot.
  • Ankle sprains and fractures: Injuries to ligaments or bones in the ankle from twists or impacts.
  • Arthritis: Degenerative joint disease affecting the foot, leading to pain and stiffness.
  • Diabetic foot problems: Complications like ulcers or neuropathy, which typically require specialized care.
  • Morton’s neuroma: Thickening of nerve tissue between toes, causing pain.
  • Stress fractures: Small cracks in the foot bones, usually due to overuse or repetitive activity.

Each of these injuries can vary in severity, and while some respond well to non-surgical treatments, others may require surgery for pain relief and to restore function and mobility.

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Foot anatomy basics

The feet can be considered the most densely populated part of your skeletal system, with 26 bones in each foot—25 percent of all bones in the body. Each foot also has over 100 muscles, tendons, and ligaments and more than 30 joints. Every single step, jump, leap, and twist gets all of these parts moving, flexing, and relaxing, as the entirety of your weight is distributed across the foot.

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Symptoms of a foot injury

A foot injury can range from minor to very serious. If you suffer from any of these symptoms, ensure your condition is evaluated by a foot specialist. A failure to treat the injury can lead to a worsened condition.

  • Persistent pain: Continuous or severe pain in the foot that does not improve with rest or conservative treatments.
  • Swelling or inflammation: Excessive or prolonged swelling, redness, or bruising that worsens.
  • Limited range of motion: Difficulty in moving the foot or toes or a significant decrease in mobility.
  • Deformity: Visible changes in the structure of the foot, such as misalignment or abnormal bending.
  • Instability: Feeling of looseness or instability in the foot when standing or walking.
  • Non-healing wounds: Injuries or ulcers, especially in diabetic patients, which do not heal over time.
  • Numbness or tingling: Loss of sensation or a tingling feeling in the foot, indicating nerve involvement.
  • Difficulty bearing weight: Challenges in standing, walking, or bearing weight on the affected foot.
  • Failure of non-surgical treatments: Inadequate relief from pain or other symptoms despite non-surgical interventions like physical therapy, orthotics, or medication.
  • Recurring problems: Repeated injuries or issues in the same area of the foot.

While some injuries can be treated through rest, ice, foot elevation, and patience, every injury should be seen by a doctor specializing in podiatric medicine and orthodontic injuries in the foot. At New York Sports & Joints, you can be confident that a foot specialist will diagnose your injury.

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Foot sprains, strains, and fractures in New York

The feet are prone to three types of injuries: sprains, strains, and fractures. Sprains and strains involve overstretching due to a sudden jerky movement – think a fall or an extraordinary exertion of force without any warm-up.

Sprains involve overstretched ligaments, while strains involve overstretched muscles and tendons. Tears are different – when a muscle, tendon, or ligament tears, the injury is usually accompanied by a fracture.

Foot fractures commonly result from direct impacts, such as dropping a heavy object on the foot or from twisting injuries. High-impact activities like running or jumping, as well as accidents or falls, can also lead to fractures. Osteoporosis increases the risk. These injuries require foot fracture repair.

Types of foot surgeries

  • Arthroscopy: A minimally invasive surgery used to diagnose and treat joint problems in the foot and ankle.
  • Heel surgery: Addresses various heel issues, including heel spurs and plantar fasciitis.
  • Metatarsal surgery: Corrects problems in the bones of the midfoot.
  • Ankle surgery: Includes procedures for ankle fractures, sprains, and arthritis.
  • Achilles tendon surgery: Repairs ruptured or injured Achilles tendons.
  • Reconstructive surgery: For restoring function and appearance following trauma or severe foot conditions.
  • Fusion surgery: Involves fusing bones together to treat arthritis or other more severe foot conditions.
  • Neuroma surgery: Removes painful and benign growths of nerve tissue, typically located between the toes.
  • Bunion surgery: Corrects the deformed area of the foot near the big toe.
  • Hammertoe surgery: Involves correcting a deformed toe that is bent at the middle joint.
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Stress fractures to the foot

Fractures can also be caused by excessive exercise and abuse, especially among martial artists and dancers. These are called stress fractures and begin as microfractures in the bone before becoming more serious injuries.

Professional dancers and fighters are also prone to developing bunions and hammertoes. A bunion is a painful swelling at the first joint of the big or little toe, while a hammertoe is an excessive bending in a toe joint for the same reason: undue stress.

Here at New York Sports & Joints, we can perform hammertoe repair procedures and a bunionectomy to restore the natural shape of your foot and toes.

Why choose us?

Our surgical team is made up of highly trained professionals who have been educated at premier institutions and are experienced in the latest surgical techniques. We understand the importance of a precise, patient-centered approach in foot surgery, offering personalized treatments for a range of conditions, from simple bunions to complex foot reconstructions.

We pride ourselves on our track record of successful outcomes and patient satisfaction. Our bilingual services ensure clear communication and our commitment to minimally invasive procedures means faster recovery and better patient results.

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